Advanced Manufacturing Technology

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Advanced Manufacturing Technology

Introduction

There are a lot of changes that have been occurring in the manufacturing sector in the recent years. Advanced manufacturing technology is defined as the utilization of innovative know how with the aim of improving product through the use of relevant technology. Advanced manufacturing technology has been described as the cutting edge of companies and industries. Through the use of advanced manufacturing technology it has been possible for some production companies to be more effective and attain a competitive advantage scenario. Besides, this explains more on why the manufacturing industry cannot avoid the use of advanced technology. It is the desire of every manufacturer to maximize on sale and revenue and this happens through reduction of production and operating cost. The idea of reducing production and operating cost will be attained through embracing advanced manufacturing technology.

Non-contact Metrology

Non-contact Coordinate Measuring Machine (CMM)

Non-contact measuring machine is defined as a technology that can be used in determining the geometrical measurement of an object without making contact. The traditional manufacturing methods would measure the geometry of an object by making contact a situation that at times would hurt people especially when dealing with objects that would produce things like rays (Werner, 2021). One of the reasons why he use of CMM has been on the rise in the recent manufacturing sector is because it has boosted flexibility in production as well as led to cases of rapid processing rate.

There are several companies in the world that have made good use of Non-contact metrology which is a good example of advanced manufacturing technology. The Non-contact metrology has been highly used in the production and manufacturing industry to increase efficiency. Besides, Coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is a good example of Non-contact metrology advanced manufacturing technology that has been highly used to promote efficiency and effectiveness in manufacturing (Mitra, 2021). Besides, each component of CMM is expected to work in tandem for this will accurately help in measuring the physical geometry of an object. Besides, CMM technology has been used in measuring objects with lasers, imagery or sensors instead of using direct contact. The CMM technology has provided manufacturers with a dynamic and thorough and effective method of measuring the geometry of fragile or intricate objects. The use of CMM machines and technology has been on the rise in various industries in the recent years.

It has been clear that advanced technology has helped in reducing cost of production. There are cases where through the use of traditional manufacturing methods there was need of deploying more human resource for supervision. Besides, this has not been the case with the use of CMM machines where the machines have been used in reducing inspection time (Jean, 2020). This means through the use of CMM machines which is part of advanced technology will lead to increased production because the system can authenticate the production of a large number of products when compared to human inspection process. There are cases where the collection of data within a manufacturing sector can be tiresome. The CMM technology has solved the data collection problem, due to the ability of the machines to rapidly collect data as well as comprehensively collect points on an objects a case where users have found it possible to acquire detailed and accurate information about complex surfaces. When traditional methods of manufacturing were being used it was clear that manual methods of data collection about a given object were used a situation that would limit the amount of information a user would access about a complex surface.

Image of CMM Technology

The Structure of CMM Machine

The structure of a given CM machine measuring unit is said to be its foundation, as well as the same rings true for the innovative, new-non contact machines.

The probes

Non-contact scanning is an example of advanced measuring process that provides manufacturers with flexibility in all their metrology ventures (Dean, 2019). Besides, it has been established that non-contact CMM can capture thousands of points and this leads to a situation of accessing accurate measurements and not compromising the structural integrity of the object being used. The CMM probes have been designed in such a way that they will be able to measure the geometry of an object and this happens without any direct contact. While using the advanced probe technology the use of point triangulation of high speed lasers, laser lines and white light scanning will be utilized.

Laser Scanning Probes

The laser scanning probes are the ones that use a laser while examining the dimensions of a given object. When compared to touch trigger probes laser scanning probes are found to calculate subtle points with no direct contact (Zhao, 2018). The lasers are the most preferred by manufacturers due to their flexibilities and their ability to fit in various types of CMM machines.

White Light Scanning

One of the best thing about white light scanning is that it can accumulate data rapidly than any other piece of metrology technology. Besides, small components will highly benefit from the use of white light scanning because their system can be automated for consistently accurate measurements (Milner, 2017)

The portable white light scanning tool is able to handled large volume of objects that will need the use of continuous and repeated inspection of one part of the product.

The Controller

The aim of CMM controller is to enhance accuracy and intricacy through the identification and housing the machine’s mathematical error. The controller plays the role of directing information from the scanner to the software. The controller allows variable running speeds for non-contact CMMs.

The Software

The software used of non-contact CMM has been found to be different from what was used in traditional machines. The software is known to create well designed measurement plans that will increase the efficiency of the non-contact CMM technology

The use of CMM technology does not involve any physical contact or probing between the dynamics, in most cases this is applied when measuring soft and sensitive pieces of work. This form of measurement uses the touch-less system to generate a cloud of data known as voxel which is primarily transmitted to the storage system on the computerized system hence producing digital data using variant equipment (Cavallo, 2019). Non-contact metrology can be categorized using the different types of non-contact scanners which are in various forms such as vision systems, photogrammetry, long-range laser as well as CT scanners. One of the non-contact metrology systems includes:

BAR CODE CT SCANNER

This non-contact system has been integrated into various devices and gadgets that are sued for scanning and collecting information using the Nano rays, the displacement sensors use the most advanced technology such as eddy currents, the laser triangulation technology, the conformal chromatic as well as the fiber optics, these technological elements provide the non-contact system with the high level of efficiency and accuracy (Stuwart, 2018).

Advantages of the Non-contact metrology systems.

This system provides a number of advantages as compared to the contact metrology, these include:

  1. Fast collection of data– In this case, the use of non-contact scanners saves a lot of time when collecting huge amounts of data, this is because the laser devices only scan through the exempts at a very fast rate recording the information hence replacing the handwrite recording systems which takes much time (Mackson, 2020).
  2. High accuracy level– The non-contact systems have a high level of accuracy as it does not mix up information or data hence recording the information as it is, this will therefore present a clear view of the set of data by providing quality results.
  3. Easy usability- already installed non-contact systems do not require much labor when using, since most work is done by the scanning technology hence making work much easier.

Disadvantages of non-metrology systems.

  1. High cost– Acquiring and the installation of the noncontact metrology devices in a company is very expensive due to the precisely high quality of technology used in the systems.
  2. Prone to errors- The noncontact systems require careful and precise integration of the information and data to make sure the noncontact systems recognized the data. In this case, the system could record the unwanted data if the information recorded in the database is not correct.

NON-CONTACT COMMERCIAL INSTRUMENT.

Digital packaging and sorting machine.

This is one of the most used instruments in most hardware and shopping areas as well as in factories that help in the packaging, sorting, packing, and even storing of things in a company. This commercial instrument uses the Photonic Sensor Technology. This system uses light-sensing optics that direct lights to the fiber as a way of determining proximity to make the placements. Photonic-based systems use sensors that cannot be affected by the EMI emissions or high-frequency voltage or magnetic rays (Kane, 2019). This focuses on the surface distancing and the light reflection dynamics to determine the reflection ability that is measured by the light or photonic sensors. The optical sensors are fitted on the handles hence making it easy to determine the exact position of each element. In the same case, the sensor technology is programmed to create linings on the set measurements by shading light beams on the surface of the product that is being packaged hence determining the exact size and shape.

While observing the above figure it’s clear that the use of advanced technology has improved production and made everything easier for manufacturers. The above formula will be presented in a software where it will be possible to automatically calculate the height of the unwrapped phase of metrology (MIckey, 2021). This would be time consuming when calculated through the use of traditional methods where in many cases it would be done through manual ways.

Conclusion

The used of advanced technology in the manufacturing industry has been on the rise in the recent years. This has been happening due to the desire of attaining efficiency and rapid data collecting methods. The use of advanced technology has been found of great help because it has helped in reduction of supervision time and this has been found as one of the best ways of cutting the production and operating cost. The ability of CMM technology being able to provide well detailed information about complex surface. While using the traditional methods of manufacturing it was not easy to capture every detail and data concerning complex surface and this at some point made it hard even for consumers to have enough knowledge of using certain products. Besides, this has been solved the use of CMM machines and production has become more efficiency and effective and more profiting than when traditional methods of manufacturing were in use. In the recent years through the use of advanced technology in production the issue of errors in production has been minimized and this has helped in reducing cases of errors.

References

Cavallo, C. (2019). Wha is Advanced MAnufacturing Technology? . SAGE, 1-6.

Crea, S., Manca, S., Parri, A., Zheng, E., Mai, J., Lova, R. M., … & Wang, Q. (2019). Controlling a robotic hip exoskeleton with non-contact capacitive sensors. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics24(5), 2227-2235.

Dean, J. (2019). The Structure of CMM machines . New York : Macmillan .

Jean, J. (2020). The CMM Technology . SAGE, 12-16.

Kane, M. (2019). The Digital packaging and sorting machine . ResearchGate .

Mackson, J. (2020). CMM and Fast collection data . SAGE, 23-45.

MIckey, R. (2021). CMM and its use in manufacturing . ResearchGate , 23-28.

Milner, J. (2017). CMM Non Contact vision probe. ResearchGate .

Mitra, S. (2021). What you need to know about non-contact CMM. ResearchGate , 12-20.

Stuwart, J. (2018). BAR CODE CT SCANNER . Science Direct , 340-345.

Werner, J. (2021). Why the Increased used of CMM advanced manufacturing Technology. New York: Pearson.

Zhao, H. (2018). Contact Cordinate Measuring Machine equiped ithe light-duty optical probe based on fringe projection profilometry. SAGE, 323-350.

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